Transformers are everywhere, from huge ones being used in power distribution systems, to compact ones being used to charge up your everyday electronic devices. With a wide range of transformers available, like power transformers, isolation transformers, toroidal transformers, audio transformers, and many others, you need to be able to understand the type of transformers that you require for your particular application. In addition, you have the option to choose from the readily available transformers in the market, or to have your transformers customized by an experienced transformer manufacturer in India, to suit your individual application.
What is a transformer and how does it work?
Before we try to decide as to which transformer type you would want to use, let us understand the basic concept behind what a transformer is and its working. A transformer is basically a machine that is used to transform power from one circuit to another, without changing the frequency, by using inductively coupled conductors. In simple words, a transformer is used to bring up or down the voltage in an electrical circuit, as required. When you have changing current flowing through a wire, you can use a transformer to move that current into a second parallel wire. This is accomplished by winding turns of wire around a piece of iron, coupled to another set of windings that is coupled to a core inside the transformer.
What are the different types of transformers?
With a very wide range of transformers available for various applications, here in this blog we will speak about the most basic and popular types of transformers.
Power transformers – These are divided into two types, namely step-up and step-down transformers; wherein the first type increases the voltage, and the second type decreases the voltage to the level required by the application.
Toroidal transformers – These are transformers that use magnetic cores with a doughnut or ring shape, made of materials like laminated iron, iron powder, or ferrite, around which wire is wound. This makes them compact, light weight, and efficient, thus generating very low off-load losses with a lower exterior magnetic field.
Medical isolation transformers – These transformers are used to transfer electrical power from a source of alternating current power to an equipment, while isolating the device from the power source, to protect against electric shock and suppress electrical noise in sensitive devices, like medical equipment.
Audio transformers – These are also categorized into two types, namely audio output transformers and audio line matching transformers. The former types are strategically engineered to benefit circuit performance by transforming circuit impedances to optimize amplifier noise performance; thus helping to enjoy audio performance with no compromise and no disturbance. The latter types are designed to march the impedance of the loudspeaker(s) to the optimum load of the tube or transistor; thus helping in hearing better.
There is a whole long list of other transformers like autotransformers, leakage transformers, resonant transformers, EI transformers, UI transformers, SMPS transformers, and many more. Whatever kind of transformer you are planning to use for your application, it is always better to consult a professional to help determine and fulfill your requirements. Miracle Electronics is one such transformer manufacturer in Germany who manufactures almost all kinds of transformers and can also tailor your custom transformers to your specifications to best suit your application. So, whenever in need, whether ready or customized, get in touch with Miracle Electronics just as soon as you realize you need a transformer, no matter what type!